Self Study Plan
GS Foundation Course
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Live Classes Starts From 19th July 2021
Course duration 6 Months
All the Classes will be live & Interactive
Detailed coverage of both Paper I & II for UPSC mains exam (Live Lectures)
Current Affairs updated teaching for dynamic sections of Sociology.
Regular Doubt Clearing Sessions.
Strengthen the foundation of the aspirants by regular UPSC previous year question discussion
Explanation of the interlinks between Sociology and GS papers
Detailed Study Notes
Special lecture series on answer writing practice
Guest Lectures by Previous year’s Selected Officers
Enrollment closed on 31st Aug 2021
Syllabus for Sociology
PAPER - I : Fundamentals of Sociology
1. Sociology - The Discipline
(a) Modernity and Social changes in Europe and the Emergence of Sociology.
(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other Social Sciences.
(c) Sociology and common sense.
2. Sociology as Science:
(a) Science, scientific method, and critique.
(b) Major theoretical strands of Research Methodology.
(c) Positivism and its critique.
(d) Fact value and objectivity.
(e) Non-positivist methodologies.
3. Research Methods and Analysis:
(a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.
(b) Techniques of data collection.
(c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability, and validity.
4. Sociological Thinkers:
(a) Karl Marx - Historical materialism, Mode of production, Alienation, Class struggle.
(b) Emile Durkhteim - Division of labor, ocial fact, suicide, religion, and society.
(c) Max Weber - Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, the protestant ethic, and the spirit of capitalism.
(d) Talcott Parsons - Social system, pattern variables.
(e) Robert K. Merton - Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
(f) Mead - Self, and identity
5. Stratification and Mobility:
(a) Concepts - equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty, and deprivation.
(b) Theories of social stratification - Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
(c) Dimensions - Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity, and race.
(d) Social mobility - open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility
6. Works and Economic Life:
(a) The social organization of work in different types of society - slave society, feudal society, industrial capitalist society.
(b) Formal and informal organization of work.
(c) Labour and society.
7. Politics and Society:
(a) Sociological theories of power.
(b) Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
(c) Nation, State, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
(d) The protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
8. Religion and Society:
(a) Sociological theories of religion.
(b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
(c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
9. Systems of Kinship:
(a) Family, household, marriage.
(b) Types and forms of family.
(c) Lineage and descent.
(d) Patriarchy and the sexual division of labor.
(e) Contemporary trends.
10. Social Change in Modern Society:
(a) Sociological theories of social change.
(b) Development and dependency.
(c) Agents of social change.
(d) Education and social change.
(e) Science, technology, and social change.
PAPER - II :INDIAN SOCIETY: STRUCTURE AND CHANGEA. Introducing Indian Society:
1. Perspectives on the Study of Indian Society:
(a) Indology (G.S. Ghure).
(b) Structural functionalism (M. N. Srinivas).
(c) Marxist sociology (A. R. Desai).
B. Social Structure:
1. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies.
(b) Agrarian social structure—the evolution of land tenure system, land reforms
2. Caste System:
(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: G. S. Ghurye, M. N. Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
(b) Features of the caste system.
(c) Untouchability-forms and perspectives
3. Tribal Communities in India:
(a) Definitional problems.
(b) Geographical spread.
(c) Colonial policies and tribes.
(d) Issues of integration and autonomy.
4. Social Classes in India:
(a) Agrarian class structure.
(b) Industrial class structure.
(c) Middle classes in India.
5. Systems of Kinship in India:
(a) Lineage and descent in India.
(b) Types of kinship systems.
(c) Family and marriage in India.
(d) Household dimensions of the family.
(e) Patriarchy, entitlements, and the sexual division of labor.
6. Religion and Society:
(a) Religious communities in India.
(b) Problems of religious minorities.
C. Social Changes in India:
1. Visions of Social Change in India:
(a) The idea of development planning and a mixed economy.
(b) Constitution, law, and social change.
(c) Education and social change.
2. Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India:
(a) Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
(b) Green revolution and social change.
(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
(d) Problems of rural labor, bondage, migration.
3. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
(a) Evolution of modern industry in India.
(b) Growth of urban settlements in India.
(c) Working-class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
(d) The informal sector, child labor.
(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.
4. Politics and Society:
(a) Nation, democracy, and citizenship.
(b) Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power.
5. Social Movements in Modern India:
(a) Peasants and farmers' movements.
(b) Women’s movement.
(c) Backward classes & Dalit movements.
(d) Environmental movements.
(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.
6. Population Dynamics:
(a) Population size, growth, composition, and distribution.
(b) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
(c) Population Policy and family planning.
(d) Emerging issues: Ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.
7. Challenges of Social Transformation:
(a) Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems, and sustainability.
(b) Poverty, deprivation, and inequalities.
(c) Violence against women.
(d) Caste conflicts.
(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education.
1. Haralambos & Holborn Sociology: Themes And Perspectives- Haralambos
2. Sociology – Anthony Giddens
3. Sociological Theory – George Ritzer
4. Sociological Thought – Francis Abraham, John Henry Morgan
5. Political Theory – O P Gauba
6. Essential Sociology- Nitin Sangwan
1. Indian Society, NCERT Class 12
2. Society In India: Concepts, Theories And Recent Trends – Ram Ahuja
3. Social Change In Modern India – M. N. SRINIVAS
4. Modernization Of Indian Tradition – Yogendra Singh
5. Society In India: Concepts, Theories And Recent Trends – Ram Ahuja
6. Social Problems In India – Ram Ahuja
7. Persistence and Change in Tribal India – M.V. Rao
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