Prelims Cum Mains Self Study Plan 2022 Batch 7 admissions are Open Now With 25% Extra Off  | Use Coupon: GANESHA


Socilogy Optional By Nirav Da

Sociology L 1 By Nirav Nirav Da
Sociology L 1 By Nirav Nirav Da

Conducted On:

15th Sep 11:00 AM
Sociology L 2 By Nirav Nirav Da
Sociology L 2 By Nirav Nirav Da

Conducted On:

16th Sep 11:00 AM
No ongoing videos at this moment!
No upcoming videos is scheduled!
Check Out our Previous videos here.

All Materials (Total 2)

Sociology Optional Handout 1

Buy Now

Sociology Optional Handout 2

Buy Now

Plans & Packages

Sociology Optional For UPSC CSE 2022 By Nirav Sir(Batch 2)

₹15,000/- ₹12,500/- 16.67%

USE COUPON: UGOP22 to get extra discount for the course.

Live Classes Starts From 15th Sept 2021

Course duration 6 Months

All the Classes will be live & Interactive

Detailed coverage of both Paper I & II for UPSC mains exam (Live Lectures)

Current Affairs updated teaching for dynamic sections of Sociology.

Regular Doubt Clearing Sessions.

Strengthen the foundation of the aspirants by regular UPSC previous year question discussion

Explanation of the interlinks between Sociology and GS papers

Detailed Study Notes

Special lecture series on answer writing practice

Guest Lectures by Previous year’s Selected Officers

Syllabus for Sociology

PAPER - I : Fundamentals of Sociology

1.    Sociology - The Discipline
(a) Modernity and Social changes in Europe and the Emergence of Sociology.
(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other Social Sciences.
(c) Sociology and common sense.

2.    Sociology as Science:
(a) Science, scientific method, and critique.
(b) Major theoretical strands of Research Methodology.
(c) Positivism and its critique.
(d) Fact value and objectivity.
(e) Non-positivist methodologies.

3.    Research Methods and Analysis:
(a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.
(b) Techniques of data collection.
(c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability, and validity.

4.    Sociological Thinkers:
(a) Karl Marx - Historical materialism, Mode of production, Alienation, Class struggle.
(b) Emile Durkhteim - Division of labor, ocial fact, suicide, religion, and society.
(c) Max Weber - Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, the protestant ethic, and the spirit of capitalism.
(d) Talcott Parsons - Social system, pattern variables.
(e) Robert K. Merton - Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
(f) Mead - Self, and identity

5.    Stratification and Mobility:
(a) Concepts - equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty, and deprivation.
(b) Theories of social stratification - Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
(c) Dimensions - Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity, and race.
(d) Social mobility - open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility

6.    Works and Economic Life:
(a) The social organization of work in different types of society - slave society, feudal society, industrial capitalist society.
(b) Formal and informal organization of work.
(c) Labour and society.

7.    Politics and Society:
(a) Sociological theories of power.
(b) Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
(c) Nation, State, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
(d) The protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

8.    Religion and Society:
(a) Sociological theories of religion.
(b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
(c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

9.    Systems of Kinship:
(a) Family, household, marriage.
(b) Types and forms of family.
(c) Lineage and descent.
(d) Patriarchy and the sexual division of labor.
(e) Contemporary trends.

10. Social Change in Modern Society:
(a) Sociological theories of social change.
(b) Development and dependency.
(c) Agents of social change.
(d) Education and social change.
(e) Science, technology, and social change.


A. Introducing Indian Society:

1.    Perspectives on the Study of Indian Society:
(a) Indology (G.S. Ghure).
(b) Structural functionalism (M. N. Srinivas).
(c) Marxist sociology (A. R. Desai).

2.    Impact of colonial rule on Indian society:
(a) The social background of Indian nationalism.
(b) Modernization of Indian tradition.
(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.
(d) Social reforms

B. Social Structure:

1.    Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies.
(b) Agrarian social structure—the evolution of land tenure system, land reforms

2.    Caste System:
(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: G. S. Ghurye, M. N. Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
(b) Features of the caste system.
(c) Untouchability-forms and perspectives

3.    Tribal Communities in India:
(a) Definitional problems.
(b) Geographical spread.
(c) Colonial policies and tribes.
(d) Issues of integration and autonomy.

4.    Social Classes in India:
(a) Agrarian class structure.
(b) Industrial class structure.
(c) Middle classes in India.

5.    Systems of Kinship in India:
(a) Lineage and descent in India.
(b) Types of kinship systems.
(c) Family and marriage in India.
(d) Household dimensions of the family.
(e) Patriarchy, entitlements, and the sexual division of labor.

6.    Religion and Society:
(a) Religious communities in India.
(b) Problems of religious minorities.

C. Social Changes in India:

1.    Visions of Social Change in India:
(a) The idea of development planning and a mixed economy.
(b) Constitution, law, and social change.
(c) Education and social change.

2.    Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India:
(a) Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
(b) Green revolution and social change.
(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
(d) Problems of rural labor, bondage, migration.

3.    Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
(a) Evolution of modern industry in India.
(b) Growth of urban settlements in India.
(c) Working-class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
(d) The informal sector, child labor.
(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

4.    Politics and Society:
(a) Nation, democracy, and citizenship.
(b) Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power.
(d) Secularization.

5.    Social Movements in Modern India:
(a) Peasants and farmers' movements.
(b) Women’s movement.
(c) Backward classes & Dalit movements.
(d) Environmental movements.
(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.

6.    Population Dynamics:
(a) Population size, growth, composition, and distribution.
(b) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
(c) Population Policy and family planning.
(d) Emerging issues: Ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.

7.    Challenges of Social Transformation:
(a) Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems, and sustainability.
(b) Poverty, deprivation, and inequalities.
(c) Violence against women.
(d) Caste conflicts.
(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education.

Recommended Booklist


1.    Haralambos & Holborn Sociology: Themes And Perspectives- Haralambos

2.    Sociology – Anthony Giddens

3.    Sociological Theory – George Ritzer

4.    Sociological Thought – Francis Abraham, John Henry Morgan

5.    Political Theory – O P Gauba

6.    Essential Sociology- Nitin Sangwan


1.    Indian Society, NCERT Class 12

2.    Society In India: Concepts, Theories And Recent Trends – Ram Ahuja

3.    Social Change In Modern India – M. N. SRINIVAS

4.    Modernization Of Indian Tradition – Yogendra Singh

5.    Society In India: Concepts, Theories And Recent Trends – Ram Ahuja

6.    Social Problems In India – Ram Ahuja

7.    Persistence and Change in Tribal India – M.V. Rao

For 1st Installment Payment Click Here

For 2nd Installment Payment Click Here

USE COUPON: UG20 to get extra discount for the course.

Sociology Optional Course Key Highlight :

  1. Detailed coverage of both Paper I & II for UPSC mains exam (Live Lectures)
  2. weekly 3-4 lectures ( 2hrs each)
  3. Current Affairs updated teaching for dynamic sections of Sociology.
  4. Regular Doubt Clearing Sessions.
  5. Strengthen the foundation of the aspirants by regular UPSC previous year question discussion
  6. Explanation of the interlinks between Sociology and GS papers  
  7. Detailed Study Notes
  8. Special lecture series on answer writing practice 
  9. Access to Watch Recorded Lectures
  10. Affordable Fees
  11. Guest Lectures by Previous year’s Selected Officers

Admission Process :

Click On Buy Now & Make Payment, Course will be instantly added to Your Dashboard

For any Help, you can contact us on 8983766676

Live Classes Starts From  15th Sept 2021. Reserve your Seat Now (Limited Admissions)

Scroll to Top
UPSC GUIDE is an online education platform registered under the Government of India under Nikam Education OPC Private Limited, which functions under the Advisory board of Previous Years Selected Officers. The primary motto of the organization is to break the barriers of UPSC Aspirants and help them achieve their dream and fly with colorful wings in the skies of Mussorie and career as well. In the recent year 2020-21, we have made the accomplishment of reaching every corner of the nation. We are proud to make this announcement that more than 5000 students have enrolled in various courses provided by us including the GS Foundation Course and Optional Classes for various subjects. We were also successful in covering the Current Affairs classes along with qualified Self Study Plans and Test Series. We are also happy to announce that we have extended our reach to J&K Family supporting aspirants with Free Coaching in Kapwara district Administration (J&K). Innovation is the key to deal with the current changes and challenges we face. With this note, we have successfully helped aspirants connect with achievers. We at UPSC GUIDE conducted various Live Sessions (Open for all) with many dignitaries. Till date we have reached the count of 150 Officers who have completed the live session on our social handle (IG: @upsc_guide) Live sessions with Lt. Governor Kiran Bedi (Ex IPS Officer), Ira Singhal IAS AIR -01, Dr. Bilal Bhat IAS AIR 10, Saurabh Sabhlok IFS, Safin Hasan IPS, Pradeep Singh IAS, Nitin Kulkarni IAS (Secretary)  are also included. 

We have now expanded our wings and have ventured into offering a full-fledged educational service to aspiring students.

© UPSC Guide. All Rights Reserved.

Powered By