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geography optional 2021

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Geography Optional Introduction By Sumit Konde
Geography Optional Introduction By Sumit Konde

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 L 10 | 1.4 Industry
L 10 | 1.4 Industry

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25th Sep 11:00 AM

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 L 11 | 1.4 Industry
L 11 | 1.4 Industry

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26th Sep 11:00 AM

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 L 12 | 1.4 Industry
L 12 | 1.4 Industry

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27th Sep 11:00 AM

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L 13 | 1.5  Transport , Communication and Trade
L 13 | 1.5 Transport , Communication and Trade

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2nd Oct 11:00 AM

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L 14 | 1.5  Transport , Communication and Trade
L 14 | 1.5 Transport , Communication and Trade

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L 15 | 1.5  Transport , Communication and Trade
L 15 | 1.5 Transport , Communication and Trade

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L 16 | 1.6  Cultural Setting
L 16 | 1.6 Cultural Setting

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9th Oct 11:00 AM

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L 17 | 1.6  Cultural Setting
L 17 | 1.6 Cultural Setting

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10th Oct 11:00 AM

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L 18 | 1.7 Settlements
L 18 | 1.7 Settlements

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L 19 | 1.7 Settlements
L 19 | 1.7 Settlements

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16th Oct 11:00 AM

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L 20 | 1.8 Regional Development and Planning
L 20 | 1.8 Regional Development and Planning

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17th Oct 11:00 AM

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L 21 | 1.8 Regional Development and Planning
L 21 | 1.8 Regional Development and Planning

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18th Oct 11:00 AM

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L 22 | 1.9 Political Aspects
L 22 | 1.9 Political Aspects

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23rd Oct 11:00 AM

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L 23 | 1.10 Contemporary Issues
L 23 | 1.10 Contemporary Issues

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24th Oct 11:00 AM

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L 24 | 1.10 Contemporary Issues
L 24 | 1.10 Contemporary Issues

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geography optional 2021

(TOTAL 10 VIDEOS)
L 9 | 1.3 Agriculture
L 9 | 1.3 Agriculture

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20th Sep 11:00 AM

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L 8 | 1.3 Agriculture
L 8 | 1.3 Agriculture

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19th Sep 11:00 AM

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L 7 | 1.3 Agriculture
L 7 | 1.3 Agriculture

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18th Sep 11:00 AM

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 L 6 | 1.2 Resources
L 6 | 1.2 Resources

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13th Sep 11:00 AM

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 L 5 | 1.2 Resources
L 5 | 1.2 Resources

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12th Sep 11:00 AM

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 L 4 | 1.2 Resources
L 4 | 1.2 Resources

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11th Sep 11:00 AM

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L 3 | 1.1 Physical Settings
L 3 | 1.1 Physical Settings

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6th Sep 11:00 AM

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L 2 | 1.1 Physical Settings
L 2 | 1.1 Physical Settings

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5th Sep 11:00 AM

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L 1 | 1.1 Physical Settings
L 1 | 1.1 Physical Settings

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4th Sep 11:00 AM

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Introduction to GEOGRAPHY OPTIONAL
Introduction to GEOGRAPHY OPTIONAL

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1st Sep 11:00 AM

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Tests
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Geography Optional 2021

(2 Total Tests)

Geography Optional Assignment 1

150 Marks
Submission By 31st Oct 2020
Available from 29th Oct 11:24pm
Score: - -

Geography Optional Assignment 2

150 Marks
Submission By 5th Nov 2020
Available from 31st Oct
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StudyMaterials

All Materials (Total 11)

Geography Optional Course Brochure ( Lecture Details & Booklist )

Physical Settings { Lecture - 1, 2 & 3 }

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Resources { Lecture - 4 ,5 & 6 }

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Agriculture { Lecture - 7, 8 & 9 }

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Industry { Lecture - 10 , 11 & 12 }

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Transport , Communication and Trade { Lecture - 13 ,14 & 15 }

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Cultural Setting { Lecture - 16 & 17 }

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Settlements { Lecture - 18 & 19 }

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Regional Development and Planning { Lecture - 20 & 21 }

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Political Aspects { Lecture - 22 }

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Contemporary Issues { Lecture - 23 & 24 }

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Plans & Packages

Geography Optional Course – UPSC CSE 2021

₹9,999/- ₹6,999/- 30%

Use Discount Coupon: UGGEO21

Course Starts : 1st Sep 2020 , 11 Am

Our Expert : Sumit Konde Sir

3 Days in a Week Live Classes

Access Of Recored lectures After Live

Answer Writing Practice

Topic Wise Syllabus Coverage

Personal Mentorship Via WhatsApp and Call By Sumit Sir

PDF Notes

Online Mock Test

Enrollment closed on 1st Sep 2020

                                                                                                                   GEOGRAPHY PAPER 1

                                                                                                              PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHY 

Physical Geography : 

1. Geomorphology : Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crusts; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Volcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Land scape development; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development; Applied Geomorphology; Geomorphology, economic geology and environment. 

2. Climatology : Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; Atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronto; Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s Thornthwaite’s and Trewar Tha’s classification of world climate; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change, and role and response of man in climatic changes Applied climatology and Urban climate. 

3. Oceanography : Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents and tides; Marine resources; biotic, mineral and energy resources; Coral reefs coral bleaching; Sea-level changes; Law of the sea and marine pollution. 

4. Biogeography : Genesis of soils; Classification and distribution of soils; Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degrada-tion and conservation; Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation and conservation measures; Social forestry, agro-forestry; Wild life; Major gene pool centres.

 5. Environmental Geography : Principle ecology; Human ecological adaptations; Influence of man on ecology and environment; Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances; Ecosystem their management and conservation; Environmental degradation, management and conservation; Biodiversity and sustainable development; Environmental policy; Environmental hazards and remedial measures; Environmental education and legislation. 

Human Geography :

 1. Perspectives in Human Geography : Areal differentiation; Regional synthesis; Dichotomy and dualism; Environmentalism; Quantitative revolution and locational analysis; Radical, behavioural, human and welfare approaches; Languages, religions and secularisation; Cultural regions of the world; Human development indix.

 2. Economic Geography : World economic development: measurement and problems; World resources and their distribution; Energy crisis; the limits to growth; World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions; Agricultural inputs and productivity; Food and nutritions problems; Food security; famine: causes, effects and remedies; World industries: location patterns and problems; Patterns of world trade.

 3. Population and Settlement Geography : Growth and distribution of world population; Demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; Concepts of over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital.  Types and patterns of rural settlements; Environmental issues in rural settlements; Hierarchy of urban settlements; Urban morphology; Concept of primate city and rank-size rule; Functional classification of towns; Sphere of urban influence; Rural-urban fringe; Satellite towns; Problems and remedies of urbanization; Sustainable development of cities. 

4. Regional Planning : Concept of a region; Types of regions and methods of regionalisation; Growth centres and growth poles; Regional imbalances; Regional development strategies; Environmental issues in regional planning; Planning for sustainable development.

 5. Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography : System analysis in Human geography; Malthusian, Marxian and demographic transition models; Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch; Perroux and Boudeville; Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location; Weber’s model of industrial location; Ostov’s model of stages of growth. Heart-land and Rimland theories; Laws of international boundaries and frontiers.


                                                                                             PAPER II GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA 

1. Physical Setting : Space relationship of India with neighbouring countries; Structure and relief; Drainage system and watersheds; Physiographic regions; Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns; Tropical cyclones and western disturbances; Floods and droughts; Climatic regions; Natural vegetation, Soil types and their distributions.

 2. Resources : Land, surface and ground water, energy, minerals, biotic and marine resources, Forest and wild life resources and their conservation; Energy crisis. 

3. Agriculture : Infrastructure: irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power; Institutional factors; land holdings, land tenure and land reforms; Cropping pattern, agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability; Agro and social-forestry; Green revolution and its socio-economic and ecological implications; Significance of dry farming; Livestock resources and white revolution; Aqua-culture; Sericulture, Agriculture and poultry; Agricultural regionalisation; Agro-climatic zones; Agro-ecological regions. 

4. Industry : Evolution of industries; Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminium, fertiliser, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage and ago-based industries; Industrial houses and complexes including public sector underkings; Industrial regionalisation; New industrial policy; Multinationals and liberalisation; Special Economic Zones; Tourism including ecotourism.

 5. Transport, Communication and Trade : Road, railway, waterway, airway and pipeline net works and their complementary roles in regional development; Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade; Trade balance; Trade Policy;Export processing zones; Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society; Indian space programme.

 6. Cultural Setting : Historical Perspective of Indian Society; Racial linguistic and ethnic diversities; religious minorities; Major tribes, tribal areas and their problems; Cultural regions; Growth, distribution and density of population; Demographic attributes: sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate, work-force, dependency ratio, longevity; migration (inter-regional, interaregional and international) and associated problems; Population problems and policies; Health indicators. 

7. Settlements : Types, patterns and morphology of rural settlements; Urban developments; Morphology of Indian cities; Functional classification of Indian cities; Conurbations and metropolitan regions; Urban sprawl; Slums and asssociated problems; Town planning; Problems of urbanisation and remedies. 

8. Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India; Five Year Plans; Integrated rural development programmes; Panchayati Raj and decentralised planning; Command area development; Watershed management; Planning for backward area, desert, drought-prone, hill tribal area development; Multi-level planning; Regional planning and development of island territories. 

9. Political Aspects : Geographical basis of Indian federalism; State reorganisation; Emergence of new states; Regional consciousness and inter-state issues; International boundary of India and related issues; Cross-border terrorism; India’s role in world affairs; Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm.

 10. Contemporary Issues : Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides, earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods and droughts, epidemics; Issues related to environmental pollution; Changes in patterns of land use; Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management; Population explosion and food security; Environmental degradation; Deforestation, desertification and soil erosion; Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest; Regional disparities in economic development; Concept of sustainable growth and development; Environmental awareness; Linkage of rivers; Globalisation and Indian economy. 


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