The syllabus of general studies includes:
For Prelims examination
- Current events of national and international importance
- History of India and Indian National Movement
- Indian Polity and Governance Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, and Rights Issues
- Economic and Social Development‐Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives and
- Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
- General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate
- General Science
For Main examination
GS Paper 1
Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Modern Indian history -
- from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant\ events, personalities, issue.
- The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
- Role of women and women's organization,
- population and associated issues, poverty, and developmental issues,
- urbanization, their problems, and their remedies,
- Effects of globalization on Indian society,
- Social empowerment,
- communalism, regionalism & secularism.
History of the world -
will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and effect on the society
- Salient features of the world's physical geography
- Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);
- factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
- Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc.,
- geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
GS Paper 2
- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
- Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
- Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government;
- pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
- Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
- Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
- Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
- Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
- Role of civil services in a democracy
- India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests,
- Indian diaspora.
- Important International institutions, agencies and forum, their structure, mandate
GS Paper 3
- Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
- Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems
- storage Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraint
- e-technology in the aid of farmers Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
- Public Distribution System - objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security
- Technology missions
- Economics of animal-rearing
- Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
- Land reforms in India.
- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning Mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
- Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
- Government Budgeting.
- Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
- Investment models
Science and Technology-
- Science and technology developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
- Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
- Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.
- Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,
- basics of cybersecurity;
- money-laundering and its prevention
- Security challenges and their management in border areas;
- linkages of organized crime with terrorism
- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
GS Paper 4- Ethics Integrity and Aptitude-
- Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions;
- dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
- Lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators;
- role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values
- Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections. content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior;
- moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. Concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
- Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
- laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance
- The concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct,
- Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
- Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world
Hope it will help you.
All the best