The syllabus of general studies includes:

For Prelims examination

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian Polity and Governance Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, and Rights Issues
  • Economic and Social Developmentā€Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives and
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate
  • General Science

For Main examination

GS Paper 1

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Modern Indian history -

  • from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant\ events, personalities, issue.
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

Indian Society-

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women's organization,
  • population and associated issues, poverty, and developmental issues,
  • urbanization, their problems, and their remedies,
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society,
  • Social empowerment,
  • communalism, regionalism & secularism.

History of the world -

will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and effect on the society

Geography-

  • Salient features of the world's physical geography
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);
  • factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc.,
  • geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

GS Paper 2

Indian Constitution-

  • historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Polity-

  • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government;
  • pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

Governance-

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy

International Relations-

  • India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests,
  • Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and forum, their structure, mandate

GS Paper 3

Agriculture-

  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
  • Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems
  • storage Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraint
  • e-technology in the aid of farmers Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
  • Public Distribution System - objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security
  • Technology missions
  • Economics of animal-rearing
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.

Indian Economy-

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning Mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
  • Investment models

Science and Technology-

  • Science and technology developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Environment-

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.

Internal Security-

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,
  • basics of cybersecurity;
  • money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas;
  • linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

GS Paper 4- Ethics Integrity and Aptitude-

  • Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions;
  • dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators;
  • role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections. content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior;
  • moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. Concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
  • laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance
  • The concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct,
  • Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world

Hope it will help you.

All the best

UPSC-GUIDE upscguideindia@gmail.com
Address

UPSC GUIDE 12, Old Rajinder Nagar, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110060

All Rights Reserved UPSC Guide.